Top 10 Cyber Security Threats in 2019
Cyber Attacks are the highest threat of human evolution. So today we are going to tell you the top 10 cyber security threats or cyber security attacks. As the nation moves towards the digital world and cyber threat environment is become dangerous every day. Similar to the 90s street crime but now cyberspace! Due to the intensity and volume of attacks by a cybercriminal, nowadays cyber attacks were the number-one concern. And according to the Cisco, thirty-one percent of organizations have encountered cyber-attacks on their operations technology.
As this is the fresh start of 2019, let’s see the top 10 cyber security threats of 2019. So have a look at the cyber threat and types of the cyber threat.
What is a Cyber Threat?
A Cyber Threat malicious attempt by an individual or organization to access files and infiltrate or steal data/information system of individual or organization. The attacker usually, attempts to damage or disrupt a computer network or system.
Types of 10 Cyber Threats:
Here are some of the Cyber Threats that helps to understand the different ways an attacker might try to cause harm. So take look at the most common types of attacks seen today.
Malware is the most common among all the cyber security threats which multiple forms of harmful software have executed whenever user mistakenly downloads it. The most recent cyber security breaches involved malware like the Ransomware attacks, WannaCry, and Petya/NotPetya. Whereas the traditional malware is viruses, trojans and backdoors also remain persistent.
The attacker will send an email which appears that someone you trust like boss and company. So email seems legitimate with some urgency, but fraudulent activity has been detected on your account and opening the link, you’ll thereby install malware in your computer. So this is actually a trap used to capture your credentials as they rely on human curiosity and impulses, phishing attacks can be hard to cut off.
3. Cross-Site Scripting (XSS)
The attacker damages a website’s reputation by giving the users’ information at risk without the indication of malicious occurs. An attacker will come to know sensitive information of a user sends to the site like credentials, credit card information, or other private data via cross-site scripting and website owners will not come to know there was even a problem in the first place.
4. SQL Injection Attack
An attacker exploits SQL vulnerabilities which allow the SQL server to run malicious code.
5. Denial-of-Service (DoS)
An attacker uses many computers at the same time that flood a website with more traffic than it was built. As the attacker appearing from many different IP addresses around the world simultaneously which makes more difficult for network administrators. Denial-of-Service (DoS) uses a group of compromised computers or IoT devices and a botnet as a botnet looks like legitimate traffic that makes it difficult to distinguish normal from malicious traffic.
6. Session Hijacking and Man-in-the-Middle Attacks
An attacker hijacks the session to insert themselves between the computer and the remote server.
Now let’s go towards the list of Top 10 Cyber Security Threats of 2019:
1. AI and Machine Learning Will Cyber-Attacks
As now AI and Machine Learning products are expected to be at its highest, but the reality is simple and more targeted weaponized AI and ML systems are in the hands of attackers, learning, being optimized, and actively deployed. As the use of AI and Machine Learning products will increase and scale to cyber-attacks will be hard to defend. So this is why it first in the list of Top 10 Cyber Security Threats of 2019.
2. Cloud Abuse
Infrastructure as a Service is has a risk as it has no secure registration process and cloud storage is susceptible to abuse. Thus, it implies you have a credit card and have the key to signing up by using the cloud as soon as you are done. But it turns out the cloud vulnerable to spam emails, criminals, and other malicious attacks and makes the situation worse. It would be a lot safer if cloud service providers could develop authentication and registration processes and would have monitoring credit card transactions.
3. Malware Attack
Malware Attack is another important of breaches that you need to watch out for the Top 10 Cyber Security Threats of 2019 and usually, malware is the malicious software platforms that the owner of a system is not aware of it and there are tons of causes of malware attacks. However, one is the use of free software programs, removable media, and file sharing like the use of Bit-torrent and there will be no internet security software program in place. So the solution for the malware attack will be putting in place a strict security mechanism and compliance.
4. Shadow IT Systems
Shadow IT Systems is only used in the organization but, it is not supported by the company’s central IT system. As shadow IT systems are the fact risk of a data loss, so it does not receive much attention when it comes to the data backups. There is no control over who gets to access the data. And the backup and recovery processes have no one to monitor too, and all of these inefficiencies will become vulnerable to hackers. Furthermore, to mitigate Shadow IT Systems, one can spread awareness regarding the security threat.
5. Loss of Data
Most of the time you might have noticed that essential data may get lost due to many reasons. It may be through alteration, deletion, and use of an unreliable storage medium. A breach can spoil the reputation of business due to the loss of customers, and may drain your finances as well. So what you should ensure that the API security available is tight. Moreover, use SSL encryption so that you can secure data and evaluate the data protection plan of the provider.
Hacking is a concern of most of the individual as the trend may not change anytime so what are the securities measures to minimize the threat? Usually, hacking is cause by sharing credentials and access to passwords. So don’t share your credentials and password with others. Also, a service provider should have restrictions on sharing. Moreover, take measures of tracking the activities of employees so that no unauthorized takes place.
7. Internet of Things (IoT)
Internet of Things will be the highest trend in the list of the Top Cyber Securities of 2019 as most of the device is connected with the internet of things and that creates weak points. It has become useful; however, deployment brings security concerns. As per the studies the IOT possess such as inadequate security measures stemming from weak points. Since the same way of deploying security systems and awareness will go a long way to make sure the threat is under control.
8. Insider Threat
Most of the time organizations get the insider threat which is the significant form of cybersecurity breaches. As the users in organizations are a weak link and ex-staff can also be the main threat to cybersecurity. The important thing is to monitor the staff and train them, so the antidote to the Insider Threat is to educate the staff on cyber, monitoring their activities, and testing.
9. Data Breach
Now in the list of the top 10 cyber threats, we have the data breach as the cloud data storage is popular; and organizations have begun to ditch traditional methods of data storage and are transferring their data to the cloud. While keeping the backup data in offline some virtual machines can access to the information. Usually, machines will get access to the cryptographic keys which later on. It will show that many applications operating in the same environment. So when it comes to choosing a cloud provider, you guys need to be picky. Moreover, you can reinforce the encryption system so that the attackers can’t access the information.
10. Insecure Application User Interface (API)
Now in the list of top 10 cyber threats, we have Insecure Application User Interface (API). If there is a cloud service provider then, there is no point of using the interface alone as the security of the interface lies mainly in the hands of the service providers. Most of the time user interface is caused by the lack of a security system from the authentication &encryption and a solution for the threat; so one should be an enthusiast on the security measures that the provider has put in place. Moreover, the encryption and authentication process should follow strictly by the client.
Since the cyber-attacks are the number-one concern, and thirty-one percent of organizations have encountered cyber-attacks on their operations technology. Since it is the malicious attempts by an individual or organization to access files and steals data or information system of individual or organization. Usually, an attacker attempts to damage or disrupt a computer network or system. But now, you have come to know about cyber threats and that kind of cyber attacks can be prevented by Cyber Security companies.
I hope that by going through the article, you have understood about the Cyber threats and secure your data as well. Thanks for reading it!